Conference report about the XXth European Traffic Law Days
October 3/4 2019 in Athens
Our board member Christian Reinicke, General Counsel of ADAC, the German Automobile Club, wrote a conference report highlighting the most important subjects presented during the conference (in German).
What's new in European traffic law?
The Introduction of the new British insurance claims system for cheaper settlement of whiplash injuries probably will be delayed because of the campaign of the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL)
arguing that the reform needs better advice for lay people when using the complex IT portal developed by the insurance industry.
According to WHO, more than 13 million victims died worldwide in road accidents between 2010 and 2019 and 500 millions were injured. The goal to reduce these epidemic figures until 2030 by 50% will be defined during the 3rd UN high level Conference on road safety from February 19 to 20 2020 in Stockholm and a declaration will be issued defining how these goals can be achieved.
The Lithuanian 🇱🇹 Ministry of Transport has launched an alcohol interlock program as a pathway to a shorter driving ban for high-level drink-driving offenders.
The recent decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/19 (dated 20.09.2019) confirms that the Italian claims representatives provided by art. 21 of the Motor Insurance Directive can be sued in Italy (as affirmed with previous decision of the same Supreme Court n. 20124/15 dated 18.05.2015).
Decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/2019 – The capacity of the Italian claims representatives to be sued in Italy
The recent decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/19 (dated 20.09.2019) confirms the capacity of the Italian claims representatives provided by art. 21 of MID to be sued in Italy (as affirmed with previous decision of the same Supreme Court n. 20124/15 dated 18.05.2015).
1) with the decision n. 20124/15 released by the Italian Supreme Court the judge stated as follows: “The claims representative for the payment of the compensation referred to under art. 152 of the Italian Insurance Code is a mandatee with representation ex lege of the responsible party's insurer. Consequently, he can act and be summoned before a court in the name of and on behalf of the mandating party, in respect of the rules of jurisdiction and competence, to obtain a decision by which the mandating party is bound.";
2) later, the European Court of Justice, in its judgement dated 15.12.2016 (C-558/15), ruled that “Article 4 of EU Directive 2000/26/EC(...) must be interpreted as not requiring Member States to provide that the claims representative appointed pursuant to that article may itself be sued, instead of the insurance undertaking which it represents, in the national court before which an action for damages was brought by an injured party falling within the scope of Article 1 of Directive 2000/26, as amended by Directive 2005/14”;
3) finally the recent decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/19 affirm that – without contradicting the principle affirmed by the ECJ ruling (C-558/15) – Member States are allowed to provide, by means of national legislation, that claims representatives may be sued. Therefore art. 151 and 152 of the Italian Insurance Code have been correctly interpreted by the Italian judges assuming that Italian claims representative can act and be summoned before the (italian) court in the name of and on behalf of the mandating party.
Source: Fabrice Lazari, CONSAP, Rome
What's new in European Traffic Law in December?
Fraudulent insurance claim foiled by social media:
« Claiming an impaired ability to run or cycle while posting significant evidence to the contrary online will come back to bite you. »
Le rapport médical international devient numérique
La numérisation devrait apporter un soulagement au travail dans les pratiques quotidiennes encombrées des médecins. Ainsi, depuis le 1er janvier 2019, le formulaire E 213 a été remplacé par un nouveau «Rapport médical détaillé», modernisé et plus facile à remplir. Dès le 1er juillet 2019, seule le nouveau formulaire doit être utilisé.
Risks of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS)
Dutch Safety Board warns of multiple safety risks posed by advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) such as Tesla Autopilot: human factor, situations they cannot cope with, lack of transparency concerning product features, questions concerning over-the-air updates, etc. .
EuGH: Airline haftet für Verbrühung eines Kindes durch heissen Kaffee, auch wenn sich Flugrisiko nicht verwirklicht hat.
What's new in European traffic law in November
Regulation adopted for safer cars in the EU
Safer cars in the EU. - As of mid-2022, all new cars put on the EU market will have to be equipped with advanced safety systems. Following an agreement with the European Parliament last March, the Council today adopted a regulation on the general safety of motor vehicles and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users in a bid to significantly reduce the number of road casualties.
New Motorway Serbia-Bulgaria inaugurated
European Investment Bank Vice-President Lilyana Pavlova: “This is one of the most significant transport infrastructure projects Serbia has seen in recent years, and what I particularly welcome is its cross-border dimension. Corridor X helps to connect and integrate Balkan countries with the European Union, thereby having a positive impact on people’s everyday lives via increased economic growth, transport safety and capacity.”
Deutschland: 800'000 EUR Schmerzensgeld
Infolge eines Behandlungsfehlers erleidet der Geschädigte einen schweren Hirnschaden und wird für den Rest seinen Lebens ein Pflegefall. Er wird deswegen gemäss seinem Anwalt vermutlich „blind, taub und gelähmt bleiben“ und „hinter einer dunklen Scheibe“ noch „Jahrzehnte Dunkelheit und starke Schmerzen ertragen“ müssen. Die Höhe des Schmerzensgelds hat Signalwirkung in ganz Europa.
Emergency corridors coming to Poland
Poland is the eighth European country to implement an “emergency corridor” system to clear the way for emergency vehicles on congested roads.
The system, which has been shown to reduce response times by 4 minutes, and increase survival rates by 40%, is already used in Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Switzerland but was not widely known outside of those countries.
What's new in European Traffic Law in October
Dashcam-Video nicht als Beweis zulässig
Das schweizerische Bundesgericht hat entschieden, dass Dashcam-Aufzeichnungen als Beweismittel nicht verwertet werden dürfen, wenn es sich nicht um eine schwere Straftat handelt.
Think Tank of the EP about the use of drones
The Think Tank of the European Parliament emphasizes that the benefits of using drones need to be further enhanced in society and economy.
The EU Road safety exchange
The European Commission constantly underlines the target of reducing fatalities and serious injuries on the roads by 50% between 2020 and 2030 and launched a unique and EU-funded road safety project bringing together twelve member states to share ideas for improving road safety.
Accession negations rejected by European Council
President Juncker at press-conference: "I am very disappointed by the result of the EU enlargement discussion. It is a grave historical mistake not to open accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. A grave historical mistake."
Night trains set for return to Brussels
The Austrian Railway Company ÖBB expands its night train services from
Vienna to Brussels partly as a result of growing attention over the climate impacts of flying. Connections to other destinations as Zurich, Hamburg and Berlin are planned.
Défaut d'assurance détecté par radars automatiques
Les plaques d’immatriculation des véhicules flashés seront automatiquement comparées au fichier des véhicules assurés, opérationnel depuis juin.
Proposals of how to insure e-scooters and automated cars
Insuring mobility - main proposals of Insurance Europe: mandatory liability insurance for light electric vehicles with speed over 25 km/h, increased road safety by full access to data of automated vehicles to insurance and driver.
ERA reviews efficacy of EU Regulation flight delays
According to ERA (European Regions Airline Association), the Regulation (EC) No. 261/2004 (EU261), which sets out rules for compensation and assistance to passengers affected by cancellations and delays for more than three hours, has negative impacts on financial stability and security of flight traffic. ERA suggests therefore to adapt the regulation
General Assembly 2019
In the evening before the XX European Traffic Law Days in Athens, the General Assembly of the Institute was hold. President Hélène Béjui-Hugues and Executive Director Alain Kunz demonstrated the very good financial standing allowing in the next years to invest with own resources in marketing and communication activities that will enlarge the scope more and more from traffic law to mobility in general and from Central Europe to other parts of Europe, as described by Board Member Holger Backu. These initiatives will be supported by improved and reinforced communication and membership promotion, as presented by Michael Nissen, responsible of the Communication Committee. Potential members will be carried from the first contact on a convincing customer journey binding them as professionals with technical and emotional incentives, according to Daniel Stauffer, responsible for the website and social media. The Board will do everything in order to enable an intensive all-side communication between our members by facilitating easy and cooperative exchange across borders, between insurance specialist and lawyers, consumer organizations and official institutions.
Contribution of the communications team, Athens October 2 2019
What‘s new in European Traffic Law in September
Spain improves road safety
Spain greatly improves traffic safety in the next 3 years: warning triangle substituted by warning lights on the vehicle roof, digital driving license, mandatory speed limit assistant, higher fines for using mobile phones, under drugs and speedexcess, distraction detectors, information blackbox, involuntary lane change assistant etc..
Rca: sentenza conferma taglio risarcimento per passeggero dietro senza cinture
Rca: sentenza conferma taglio risarcimento per passeggero dietro senza cinture
Risarcimento tagliato: l’uso delle cinture è imposto anche per i passeggeri che viaggiano dietro senza distinzioni tra quelli davanti.
Rca: sì al taglio drastico del risarcimento per chi, in caso di incidente, sta seduto dietro in auto e non indossa la cintura di sicurezza. Lo dice la sentenza 21991 della Cassazione che ha respinto il ricorso che non voleva tagliare il risarcimento da 589 mila euro a circa 425 mila. La Corte d’Appello aveva asserito che la trasgressione, ossia la mancanza della cintura per il passeggero che sedeva dietro, incideva per il 30% mentre per il Tribunale per il 3%...
Tram anti collision system
The Prague Public Transit Company (DPP) is planning, for September of this year, further tests of a tram anti-collision system, this time from an Israeli company Mobileye.
The system is based on a principle of smart cameras which register objects, vehicles, persons, their speed and direction of movement and work with special SW algorithms. The system itself “learns” to read the surroundings, thus becoming more reliable.
If the tram anti-collision system has been tested in operation by DPP without any problems, for the future DPP could purchase it, in a form of public competition, for all DPP trams (approximately 850 pcs). It could especially significantly eliminate collisions with pedestrians, thus preventing serious injuries resulting from a tram impact on a pedestrian, on which DPP draws attention also through the campaign called “Neskákej mi pod kola“ (“Don’t jump under my wheels”):
What's new in European Traffic Law in August
Three-point seat belt
Volvo Trucks celebrates 60 years of three-point seat belt - a life saving innovation.
Rasen ist Mord
Kudammraser wurde durch Berliner Gericht als gemeinsam begangener Mord beurteilt.
El primer atropello mortal con patinete eléctrico: una distracción con el móvil y mucha mala suerte
Avis Fonds de Garantie
"Trop peu de gens savent que les trottinettes électriques sont soumises à l'obligation d'assurance."
Bei Oldtimern gelten bei der Schadenabwicklung andere Spielregeln, als im normalen Reparaturfall.
Poland: Higher Sums
Thanks to a new law, victims of road traffic accidents will be able to receive additional assistance.
Corte di cassazione
La vittima di un incidente è incapace di testimoniare perché ha un interesse giuridico all'esito della lite.
Schweiz: Sehr strenge Begutachtungspraxis durch Bundesgericht bestätigt. BGE 141 V 281.
What's new in European Traffic Law in July
Have you experienced delays and cancellations? As an air, rail, ship or bus passenger, you have rights when travelling in the EU.
New discount rate
New discount rate based on a fair review system: more transparency, consultation and evidence-based decision-making.
Schweizer Startup hat App für Versicherungsnachweise entwickelt und trägt damit zur Digitalisierung des Versicherungsmarkts bei.
Scatola nera auto
L‘utilizzo in sede processuale dei dati forniti dal dispositivo elettronico è ammesso dal Codice delle Assicurazioni.
In Sandalen und mit Muskelkraft rollendes Auto stoppen - selbst schuld.
E Bike-Boom: Politiker und Sicherheitsexperten sprechen sich für eine Helmpflicht aus.
Send us your abstract about new interesting decisions concerning traffic law from your country.
What's new in European Traffic Law in June:
Speed limits, traffic controls, fines for distracted drivers: EU countries install laws for better road safety.
Lotta alle targhe straniere: la mossa del Governo italiano:
È vietato, a chi ha stabilito la residenza in Italia da oltre 60 giorni, circolare con un veicolo immatricolato all’estero.
Germany and France regulate the use of E-scooters on public roads. Rules usually are based on existing regulation of cycling.
European railway companies should create a uniform platform for easy and cheap travel reservation and establish advantageous rules for compensation in case of retardation.
Term "use of a vehicle"
European Court of Justice recognizes responsibility of a car owner for a building damage caused by a vehicle burn.
Rules for drone traffic
The European Commission adopted EU rules to ensure increasing drone traffic across Europe is safe and secure.
Può ottenere risarcimento da qualsiasi dei due responsabili oppure anche ai loro assicuratori Rca.
Mikromobilität und autonomes Fahren verändern den Stadtverkehr komplett.
What's new in European Traffic Law in May:
European Commission welcomes European Parliament vote on vehicle safety features.
App misst Fahrverhalten
Eine neue App misst das Fahrverhalten. Die Versicherungsprämie wird so individuell berechnet.
British High Court confirms: It is possible to join an insured (here the Spanish hotel) to a claim brought directly against its insurer.
Ai prossimi congiunti della vittima di reato spetta il risarcimento del danno morale
Quelles sont les règles d'un point de vue de l'assurance et des indemnisations éventuelles ?
Presunción de inocencia
Nueva sentencia del Tribunal Supremo con interesantes reflexiones sobre responsabilidad penal de las personas jurídicas
Deutsches Gericht verneint Haftung des Vaters für durch fünfjahriges Kind mit Fahrrad verursachten Schaden.
What's new in European Traffic Law in April 2019:
Vision Zero: more protection by vehicle technology
As of 2022, new safety tech-nologies will become mandatory in European vehicles.
Road safety: new figures from European Commission
Fewer people died on European roads last year but more efforts are needed to make a big leap forward.
Instant damage calculation by Smartphone App
Artificial Intelligence is facilitating claims and insurance handling processes all the way more.
Judgment of the ECJ of 28.02.2019 in Case "Meyn"
Mutual recognition of driving licenses. Refusal to recognise a driving license from other Member State .
European insurers publish no-deal Brexit check list
Insurance Europe has published a check list regarding the insurance implications of a no-deal Brexit.
Der tödliche Blick aufs Handy
Verkehrsteilnehmer werden je länger je mehr verunsichert durch Berichte in der Presse und in den Social Media über schwere Unfälle, die durch den Gebrauch von Smartphones am Steuer verursacht werden. Nachfolgend die Einschätzung der Experten des Instituts für Europäisches Verkehrsrecht:
What's new in European Traffic Law in March 2019:
EU Delegated Regulation on Intelligent Transport Systems
Minimal legal requirements for interoperability for Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems adopted by European Commission.
If nobody’s driving, why do we need auto insurance?
Self-Driving Cars might kill auto insurance as we know it. Without humans to cause accidents, 90% of risk is removed.
Fraud Practice in Italy:
Video from a member of the Polizia Giudiziario
Unbelievable: new trick of false license plate. Never stop learning.
EU Parliament approves new amendments for compulsory insurance
“use of a vehicle” will be more narrowly defined than in recent cases e.g. Vnuk. Vehicle must be “in traffic”.
Siguen empeñadas las aseguradoras en negar el nexo causal
Nueva sentencia de la AP de MÁLAGA donde se indica que sus informes periciales constituyen una “simplificación aberrante”.
Der Döschwo-Restaurator aus Hegi
Dave Anrig handelt seit zehn Jahren mit alten Citroëns. Er hat sich besonders mit der Restauration von alten «Döschwos» einen Namen gemacht. Seine Kunden kommen aus der ganzen Schweiz, um die sorgfältig aufgepeppten Trouvaillen abzuholen. Mitunter fliegen sie aus der ganzen Welt ein.
EU Parliament: REFIT Motor Insurance Directive
Internal Market Committee MEPs adopted on January 22nd, 2019 changes to motor insurance rules to better protect road accident victims and tackle uninsured driving in the EU.
The EC proposal and the amendment proposal by MEPs aim to close loopholes and to improve the current Motor Insurance Directive in five areas: compensating victims of accidents where an insurer goes bankrupt; minimum amounts of cover; member states’ checks on vehicle insurance; how claims history statements are used by a new insurance company; and the scope of the directive.
This directive aims to protect victims of accidents in EU member states other than that of their residence, and domestic victims of an accident caused by a driver from another EU country.
Victims of accidents caused by a vehicle insured with an insolvent company may currently be left without compensation or suffer payment delays. The new rules require national compensation bodies to meet costs arising from claims where the liable party’s motor insurer is insolvent. MEPs made sure these victims are entitled to compensation in a maximum period of six months.
In order to ensure the same minimum level of protection for victims, the proposal harmonises obligatory minimum amounts of cover across the EU, without prejudice to any higher guarantees which member states may prescribe:
for personal injuries: € 6 070 000 per accident, irrespective of the number of victims, or € 1 220 000 per victim;for damages to property: € 1 220 000 per claim, irrespective of the number of victims.
Cross-border insurance checks on vehicles will be allowed in order to better tackle uninsured driving. Regarding claims history, the proposal seeks to ensure that insurance firms handle claims in a non-discriminatory manner, irrespective of nationality or previous EU country of residence of a citizen.
According to MEPs E-bikes, segways and electric scooters are excluded from the scope of the directive, since they are smaller and are therefore less likely to cause significant damage to persons or property than others such as cars or trucks are. It will be up to member states to decide at national level how to protect parties potentially injured by these vehicles.
Vehicles intended exclusively for motorsports are also excluded, as they are generally covered by other forms of liability insurance and are not subject to compulsory motor insurance when they are solely used for a competition.
The proposal also includes an amendment to set a standard EU limitation period of four years for claiming damages in the event of a traffic accident falling within the scope of the Directive.
The amended proposal, adopted in committee by 34 votes to one, with two abstentions, is due to be voted on by the EP full House during the February 11th -14th plenary session. The text would then still need to be agreed with the Council before becoming law.
International Women's Day 8th March 2019
Beautiful video from the communication team of Evo Morales, president of Bolivia. That's the way how to inform by short videos. The IETL communication team will develop in this direction in order to meet the requirements of our demanding community.
20th European Traffic Law Days 2019
in Athens / Greece
The 20th European Traffic Law Days 2019 will take place on Thursday 3rd and Friday 4th October 2019 in Athens/Greece. The preparations for the conference are in full swing. Venue is the Grand Hyatt Hotel Athens. This year will be again a dinner for the participants on October 3rd, 2019.
The following main topics are planned (subject to change):
- Key issues in European transport and traffic law
- Brexit: Contract Situation after Brexit (Rome II, Hague Convention)
- Major Claims (Tour d’Horizon European countries)
- International claims
The following topics will be deepened in Workshops:
- Brexit and Road Traffic Accidents
- Major ClaimsEnvironmental zones in Europe / Driving bans
The Brexit and its implications for legal practice will be one of the main themes of the conference.
An exclusive invitation with the main topics and early bird rebates will be sent soon to all members in advance.