Conference report about the XXth European Traffic Law Days 
October 3/4 2019 in Athens

Our board member Christian Reinicke, General Counsel of ADAC, the German Automobile Club, wrote a conference report highlighting the most important subjects presented during the conference (in German). 

XX European Traffic Law Days 2019 in Athens

What's new in European traffic law?

whiplash settlement in UK

The Introduction of the new British insurance claims system for cheaper settlement of whiplash injuries probably will be delayed because of the campaign of the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL)
arguing that the reform needs better advice for lay people when using the complex IT portal developed by the insurance industry.

According to WHO, more than 13 million victims died worldwide in road accidents between 2010 and 2019 and 500 millions were injured. The goal to reduce these epidemic figures until 2030 by 50% will be defined during the 3rd UN high level Conference on road safety from February 19 to 20 2020 in Stockholm and a declaration will be issued defining how these goals can be achieved.

Alcohol interlock program in Lithuania

The Lithuanian đŸ‡±đŸ‡č Ministry of Transport has launched an alcohol interlock program as a pathway to a shorter driving ban for high-level drink-driving offenders.

Italian claims representative can be sued in Italy

The recent decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/19 (dated 20.09.2019) confirms that the Italian claims representatives provided by art. 21 of the Motor Insurance Directive can be sued in Italy (as affirmed with previous decision of the same Supreme Court n. 20124/15 dated 18.05.2015).

Supreme Court of Cassation

Decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/2019 –  The capacity of the Italian claims representatives to be sued in Italy

The recent decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/19 (dated 20.09.2019) confirms the capacity of the Italian claims representatives provided by art. 21 of MID to be sued in Italy (as affirmed with previous decision of the same Supreme Court n. 20124/15 dated 18.05.2015).

 

Brief History:

 

1) with the decision n. 20124/15 released by the Italian Supreme Court the judge stated as follows:  “The claims representative for the payment of the compensation referred to under art. 152 of the Italian Insurance Code is a mandatee with representation ex lege of the responsible party's insurer. Consequently, he can act and be summoned before a court in the name of and on behalf of the mandating party, in respect of the rules of jurisdiction and competence, to obtain a decision by which the mandating party is bound.";

 

2) later, the European Court of Justice, in its judgement dated 15.12.2016 (C-558/15), ruled that “Article 4 of EU Directive 2000/26/EC(...) must be interpreted as not requiring Member States to provide that the claims representative appointed pursuant to that article may itself be sued, instead of the insurance undertaking which it represents, in the national court before which an action for damages was brought by an injured party falling within the scope of Article 1 of Directive 2000/26, as amended by Directive 2005/14”;

 

3) finally the recent decision of the Italian Supreme Court n. 29352/19 affirm that – without contradicting the principle affirmed by the ECJ ruling (C-558/15) – Member States are allowed to provide, by means of national legislation, that claims representatives may be sued.  Therefore art. 151 and 152 of the Italian Insurance Code have been correctly interpreted by the Italian judges assuming that Italian claims representative can act and be summoned before the (italian) court in the name of and on behalf of the mandating party.

 

Source: Fabrice Lazari, CONSAP, Rome

What's new in European Traffic Law in December?

fraudulent insurance claim foiled by social media

Fraudulent insurance claim foiled by social media:

« Claiming an impaired ability to run or cycle while posting significant evidence to the contrary online will come back to bite you. »

nouveau rapport médical détaille remplace le formulaire E 213

Le rapport médical international devient numérique

La numĂ©risation devrait apporter un soulagement au travail dans les pratiques quotidiennes encombrĂ©es des mĂ©decins. Ainsi, depuis le 1er janvier 2019, le formulaire E 213 a Ă©tĂ© remplacĂ© par un nouveau «Rapport mĂ©dical dĂ©taillé», modernisĂ© et plus facile Ă  remplir. DĂšs le 1er juillet 2019, seule le nouveau formulaire doit ĂȘtre utilisĂ©.

safety risks posed by advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS)

Risks of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS)

Dutch Safety Board warns of multiple safety risks posed by advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) such as Tesla Autopilot: human factor, situations they cannot cope with, lack of transparency concerning product features, questions concerning over-the-air updates, etc. .

Fluggastrechte

EuGH: Airline haftet fĂŒr VerbrĂŒhung eines Kindes durch heissen Kaffee, auch wenn sich Flugrisiko nicht verwirklicht hat.

What's new in European traffic law in November

Safer cars in the EU from 2022

Regulation adopted for safer cars in the EU

Safer cars in the EU. - As of mid-2022, all new cars put on the EU market will have to be equipped with advanced safety systems. Following an agreement with the European Parliament last March, the Council today adopted a regulation on the general safety of motor vehicles and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users in a bid to significantly reduce the number of road casualties.

New Motorway Serbia - Bulgaria inaugurated with investment by European Investment Bank

New Motorway Serbia-Bulgaria inaugurated

European Investment Bank Vice-President Lilyana Pavlova: “This is one of the most significant transport infrastructure projects Serbia has seen in recent years, and what I particularly welcome is its cross-border dimension. Corridor X helps to connect and integrate Balkan countries with the European Union, thereby having a positive impact on people’s everyday lives via increased economic growth, transport safety and capacity.”

Compensation for pain and suffering 800'000 Euro in Germany

Deutschland: 800'000 EUR Schmerzensgeld 

Infolge eines Behandlungsfehlers erleidet der GeschĂ€digte einen schweren Hirnschaden und wird fĂŒr den Rest seinen Lebens ein Pflegefall. Er wird deswegen gemĂ€ss seinem Anwalt vermutlich „blind, taub und gelĂ€hmt bleiben“ und „hinter einer dunklen Scheibe“ noch „Jahrzehnte Dunkelheit und starke Schmerzen ertragen“ mĂŒssen. Die Höhe des Schmerzensgelds hat Signalwirkung in ganz Europa. 

Emergency corridors coming to Poland

Emergency corridors coming to Poland

Poland is the eighth European country to implement an “emergency corridor” system to clear the way for emergency vehicles on congested roads.
The system, which has been shown to reduce response times by 4 minutes, and increase survival rates by 40%, is already used in Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Switzerland but was not widely known outside of those countries.

What's new in European Traffic Law in October

dashcam not allowed as proof

Dashcam-Video nicht als Beweis zulÀssig


Das schweizerische Bundesgericht hat entschieden, dass Dashcam-Aufzeichnungen als Beweismittel nicht verwertet werden dĂŒrfen, wenn es sich nicht um eine schwere Straftat handelt. 

benefits of the use of drones

Think Tank of the EP about the use of drones

The Think Tank of the European Parliament emphasizes that the benefits of using drones need to be further enhanced in society and economy.

EU Road safety exchange

The EU Road safety exchange


The European Commission constantly underlines the target of reducing fatalities and serious injuries on the roads by 50% between 2020 and 2030 and launched a unique and EU-funded road safety project bringing together twelve member states to share ideas for improving road safety. 

EU enlargement Albania and North Macedonia

Accession negations rejected by European Council

President Juncker at press-conference: "I am very disappointed by the result of the EU enlargement discussion. It is a grave historical mistake not to open accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. A grave historical mistake."

ÖBB night trains from Vienna to Brussels

Night trains set for return to Brussels


The Austrian Railway Company ÖBB expands its night train services from 

Vienna to Brussels partly as a result of growing attention over the climate impacts of flying. Connections to other destinations as Zurich, Hamburg and Berlin are planned. 

 

fighting uninsured driving with radar automates

Défaut d'assurance détecté par radars automatiques

Les plaques d’immatriculation des vĂ©hicules flashĂ©s seront automatiquement comparĂ©es au fichier des vĂ©hicules assurĂ©s, opĂ©rationnel depuis juin.

 

How to insure new mobility

Proposals of how to insure e-scooters and automated cars

Insuring mobility - main proposals of Insurance Europe: mandatory liability insurance for light electric vehicles with speed over 25 km/h, increased road safety by full access to data of automated vehicles to insurance and driver. 

 

compensation for flight cancellations an delays

ERA reviews efficacy of EU Regulation flight delays  

According to ERA (European Regions Airline Association), the Regulation (EC) No. 261/2004 (EU261), which sets out rules for compensation and assistance to passengers affected by cancellations and delays for more than three hours, has negative impacts on financial stability and security of flight traffic. ERA suggests therefore to adapt the regulation

 

From traffic law to mobility

General Assembly 2019

In the evening before the XX European Traffic Law Days in Athens, the General Assembly of the Institute was hold. President HĂ©lĂšne BĂ©jui-Hugues and Executive Director Alain Kunz demonstrated the very good financial standing allowing in the next years to invest with own resources in marketing and communication activities that will enlarge the scope more and more from traffic law to mobility in general and from Central Europe to other parts of Europe, as described by Board Member Holger Backu. These initiatives will be supported by improved and reinforced communication and membership promotion, as presented by Michael Nissen, responsible of the Communication Committee. Potential members will be carried from the first contact on a convincing customer journey binding them as professionals with technical and emotional incentives, according to Daniel Stauffer, responsible for the website and social media. The Board will do everything in order to enable an intensive all-side communication between our members by facilitating easy and cooperative exchange across borders, between insurance specialist and lawyers, consumer organizations and official institutions.

Contribution of the communications team, Athens October 2 2019

What‘s new in European Traffic Law in September

Road safety in Spain

Spain improves road safety

Spain greatly improves traffic safety in the next 3 years: warning triangle substituted by warning lights on the vehicle roof, digital driving license, mandatory speed limit assistant, higher fines for using mobile phones, under drugs and speedexcess, distraction detectors, information blackbox, involuntary lane change assistant etc..

Indemnity cut for back seat passengers not fastened seat belts

Rca: sentenza conferma taglio risarcimento per passeggero dietro senza cinture

Rca: sentenza conferma taglio risarcimento per passeggero dietro senza cinture

Risarcimento tagliato: l’uso delle cinture ù imposto anche per i passeggeri che viaggiano dietro senza distinzioni tra quelli davanti.


Rca: sì al taglio drastico del risarcimento per chi, in caso di incidente, sta seduto dietro in auto e non indossa la cintura di sicurezza. Lo dice la sentenza 21991 della Cassazione che ha respinto il ricorso che non voleva tagliare il risarcimento da 589 mila euro a circa 425 mila. La Corte d’Appello aveva asserito che la trasgressione, ossia la mancanza della cintura per il passeggero che sedeva dietro, incideva per il 30% mentre per il Tribunale per il 3%...

Tram anti collision system

Tram anti collision system

The Prague Public Transit Company (DPP) is planning, for September of this year, further tests of a tram anti-collision system, this time from an Israeli company Mobileye.


The system is based on a principle of smart cameras which register objects, vehicles, persons, their speed and direction of movement and work with special SW algorithms. The system itself “learns” to read the surroundings, thus becoming more reliable.


If the tram anti-collision system has been tested in operation by DPP without any problems, for the future DPP could purchase it, in a form of public competition, for all DPP trams (approximately 850 pcs). It could especially significantly eliminate collisions with pedestrians, thus preventing serious injuries resulting from a tram impact on a pedestrian, on which DPP draws attention also through the campaign called “Neskákej mi pod kola“ (“Don’t jump under my wheels”):

What's new in European Traffic Law in August 

three-point seat belt Volvo celebrates 60 years life saving innovation

Three-point seat belt

Volvo Trucks celebrates 60 years of three-point seat belt - a life saving innovation. 

Rasen ist Mord

Kudammraser wurde durch Berliner Gericht als gemeinsam begangener Mord beurteilt.

Patinete eléctrico

El primer atropello mortal con patinete eléctrico: una distracción con el móvil y mucha mala suerte

Avis Fonds de Garantie

"Trop peu de gens savent que les trottinettes Ă©lectriques sont soumises Ă  l'obligation d'assurance."

Oldtimerreparaturen

Bei Oldtimern gelten bei der Schadenabwicklung andere Spielregeln, als im normalen Reparaturfall. 

Poland: Higher Sums

Thanks to a new law,  victims of road traffic accidents will be able to receive additional assistance.

Corte di cassazione

La vittima di un incidente Ú incapace di testimoniare perché ha un interesse giuridico all'esito della lite.

Invalidenversicherung

Schweiz: Sehr strenge Begutachtungspraxis durch Bundesgericht bestÀtigt. BGE 141 V 281.

What's new in European Traffic Law in July

Passenger rights in Europe

Passenger rights

Have you experienced delays and cancellations? As an air, rail, ship or bus passenger, you have rights when travelling in the EU.

New discount rate in UK

New discount rate

New discount rate based on a fair review system: more transparency, consultation and evidence-based decision-making.

Nachweis-App 

Schweizer Startup hat App fĂŒr Versicherungsnachweise entwickelt und trĂ€gt damit zur Digitalisierung des Versicherungsmarkts bei. 

Black Box use by motor liability insurances in Italy

Scatola nera auto

L‘utilizzo in sede processuale dei dati forniti dal dispositivo elettronico ù ammesso dal Codice delle Assicurazioni.

Reduction of compensation becaus of own responsibility

Selbstverschulden

In Sandalen und mit Muskelkraft rollendes Auto stoppen - selbst schuld.

Duty to wear a helmet

Helmpflicht 

E Bike-Boom: Politiker und Sicherheitsexperten sprechen sich fĂŒr eine Helmpflicht aus.

Editorial team of IETL

Your contribution

Send us your abstract about new interesting decisions concerning traffic law from your country.

What's new in European Traffic Law in June: 

road safety

Road safety

Speed limits, traffic controls, fines for distracted drivers: EU countries install laws for better road safety.



foreign plates

Targhe straniere

Lotta alle targhe straniere: la mossa del Governo italiano:
È vietato, a chi ha stabilito la residenza in Italia da oltre 60 giorni, circolare con un veicolo immatricolato all’estero.

E-scooters in France

E-Scooters

Germany and France regulate the use of E-scooters on public roads. Rules usually are based on existing regulation of cycling. 

passenger rights

Passenger rights

European railway companies should create a uniform platform for easy and cheap travel reservation and establish advantageous rules for compensation in case of retardation.

vehicle burn and use of a vehicle

Term "use of a vehicle" 

European Court of Justice recognizes responsibility of a car owner for a building damage caused by a vehicle burn.

European rules for drone traffic

Rules for drone traffic

The European Commission adopted EU rules to ensure increasing drone traffic across Europe is safe and secure.

compensation of passengers

Terzo trasportato

PuĂČ ottenere risarcimento da qualsiasi dei due responsabili oppure anche ai loro assicuratori Rca.

E-scooters and mobility

E-Scooter-Hype:

MikromobilitÀt und autonomes Fahren verÀndern den Stadtverkehr komplett.

What's new in European Traffic Law in May: 

vision zero and vehicle safety

Vision Zero

European Commission welcomes European Parliament vote on vehicle safety features.

disruption insurance market and digitaliziation

App misst Fahrverhalten

Eine neue App misst das Fahrverhalten. Die VersicherungsprĂ€mie wird so individuell berechnet.  

Odenbreit forum at residence of claimant

Travel Law

British High Court confirms: It is possible to join an insured (here the Spanish hotel) to a claim brought directly against its insurer.

pain and suffering in Italian law

Danno morale 

Ai prossimi congiunti della vittima di reato spetta il risarcimento del danno morale


Liability of E-scooters

Trottinettes Ă©lectriques 


Quelles sont les rĂšgles d'un point de vue de l'assurance et des indemnisations Ă©ventuelles ?


innocence presumption

PresunciĂłn de inocencia


Nueva sentencia del Tribunal Supremo con interesantes reflexiones sobre responsabilidad penal de las personas jurĂ­dicas 

damage at parked vehicle

Parkschaden

Deutsches Gericht verneint Haftung des Vaters fĂŒr durch fĂŒnfjahriges Kind mit Fahrrad verursachten Schaden. 

What's new in European Traffic Law in April 2019:

vehicle safety by new technology

Vision Zero: more protection by vehicle technology

As of 2022, new safety tech-nologies will become mandatory in European vehicles.

Road safety figures from the EU

Road safety: new figures from European Commission

Fewer people died on European roads last year but more efforts are needed to make a big leap forward. 

Damage calculation by Smartphone

Instant damage calculation by Smartphone App

Artificial Intelligence is facilitating claims and insurance handling processes all the way more. 

Foreign driving licence

Judgment of the ECJ of 28.02.2019 in Case "Meyn"

Mutual recognition of driving licenses. Refusal to recognise a driving license from other Member State .

Checklist of the EU for no-deal Brexit

European insurers publish no-deal Brexit check list

Insurance Europe has published a check list regarding the insurance implications of a no-deal Brexit.     

distracted driving

Unaufmerksames Fahren:
Der tödliche Blick aufs Handy

Verkehrsteilnehmer werden je lĂ€nger je mehr verunsichert durch Berichte in der Presse und in den Social Media ĂŒber schwere UnfĂ€lle, die durch den Gebrauch von Smartphones am Steuer verursacht werden. Nachfolgend die EinschĂ€tzung der Experten des Instituts fĂŒr EuropĂ€isches Verkehrsrecht: 

What's new in European Traffic Law in March 2019:

intelligent transport systems adopted by EU

EU Delegated Regulation on Intelligent Transport Systems

Minimal legal requirements for interoperability for Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems adopted by European Commission. 

autonomous vehicles cause less accidents

If nobody’s driving, why do we need auto insurance?

Self-Driving Cars might kill auto insurance as we know it. Without humans to cause accidents, 90% of risk is removed.

false vehicle plates in Italy

Fraud Practice in Italy:
Video from a member of the Polizia Giudiziario

Unbelievable: new trick of false license plate. Never stop learning.


Vnuk use of a vehicle on private streets

EU Parliament approves new amendments for compulsory insurance

“use of a vehicle” will be more narrowly defined than in recent cases e.g. Vnuk. Vehicle must be “in traffic”. 

causal context between accident and disability Spanish law

Siguen empeñadas las aseguradoras en negar  el nexo causal

Nueva sentencia de la AP de MÁLAGA donde se indica que sus informes periciales constituyen una “simplificación aberrante”.

Der Döschwo-Restaurator aus Hegi

Dave Anrig handelt seit zehn Jahren mit alten Citroëns. Er hat sich besonders mit der Restauration von alten «Döschwos» einen Namen gemacht. Seine Kunden kommen aus der ganzen Schweiz, um die sorgfÀltig aufgepeppten Trouvaillen abzuholen. Mitunter fliegen sie aus der ganzen Welt ein.

doudoune Döschwo Ente
Refit fifth Motor Insurance Directive of the EU

EU Parliament: REFIT Motor Insurance Directive

Internal Market Committee MEPs adopted on January 22nd, 2019 changes to motor insurance rules to better protect road accident victims and tackle uninsured driving in the EU.

The EC proposal and the amendment proposal by MEPs aim to close loopholes and to improve the current Motor Insurance Directive in five areas: compensating victims of accidents where an insurer goes bankrupt; minimum amounts of cover; member states’ checks on vehicle insurance; how claims history statements are used by a new insurance company; and the scope of the directive.
This directive aims to protect victims of accidents in EU member states other than that of their residence, and domestic victims of an accident caused by a driver from another EU country.

Victims of accidents caused by a vehicle insured with an insolvent company may currently be left without compensation or suffer payment delays. The new rules require national compensation bodies to meet costs arising from claims where the liable party’s motor insurer is insolvent. MEPs made sure these victims are entitled to compensation in a maximum period of six months.
 
In order to ensure the same minimum level of protection for victims, the proposal harmonises obligatory minimum amounts of cover across the EU, without prejudice to any higher guarantees which member states may prescribe:
 for personal injuries: € 6 070 000 per accident, irrespective of the number of victims, or € 1 220 000 per victim;for damages to property: € 1 220 000 per claim, irrespective of the number of victims.
Cross-border insurance checks on vehicles will be allowed in order to better tackle uninsured driving. Regarding claims history, the proposal seeks to ensure that insurance firms handle claims in a non-discriminatory manner, irrespective of nationality or previous EU country of residence of a citizen.
 
According to MEPs E-bikes, segways and electric scooters are excluded from the scope of the directive, since they are smaller and are therefore less likely to cause significant damage to persons or property than others such as cars or trucks are. It will be up to member states to decide at national level how to protect parties potentially injured by these vehicles.
 
Vehicles intended exclusively for motorsports are also excluded, as they are generally covered by other forms of liability insurance and are not subject to compulsory motor insurance when they are solely used for a competition.
 
The proposal also includes an amendment to set a standard EU limitation period of four years for claiming damages in the event of a traffic accident falling within the scope of the Directive.
 
The amended proposal, adopted in committee by 34 votes to one, with two abstentions, is due to be voted on by the EP full House during the February 11th -14th plenary session. The text would then still need to be agreed with the Council before becoming law.
 
(Source: EP)

Women's Days in Bolivia

International Women's Day 8th March 2019

Beautiful video from the communication team of Evo Morales,  president of Bolivia. That's the way how to inform by short videos.  The IETL communication team will develop in this direction in order to meet the requirements of our demanding community. 

https://twitter.com/evoespueblo/status/1103980396398682112

Camino a La Paz

Don't miss: beautiful Road Movie from Argentina - free of charge in YouTube. Something for the next weekend at home or in your holiday home:

film review with trailer:
http://derarbeitsmarkt.ch/de/kritik/camino-la-paz

link to YouTube:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASZ9I1kdvB4

Have fun!

European Traffic Law Days Athens


20th European Traffic Law Days 2019
in Athens / Greece


The 20th European Traffic Law Days 2019 will take place on Thursday 3rd and Friday 4th October 2019 in Athens/Greece. The preparations for the conference are in full swing. Venue is the Grand Hyatt Hotel Athens. This year will be again a dinner for the participants on October 3rd, 2019.

The following main topics are planned (subject to change):
- Key issues in European transport and traffic law 

- Brexit: Contract Situation after Brexit (Rome II, Hague Convention)

- Major Claims (Tour d’Horizon European countries)
- International claims

The following topics will be deepened in Workshops:
- Brexit and Road Traffic Accidents
- Major ClaimsEnvironmental zones in Europe / Driving bans

The Brexit and its implications for legal practice will be one of the main themes of the conference.

An exclusive invitation with the main topics and early bird rebates will be sent soon to all members in advance.